Predator Hunting Tactics

April 3, 2020

Coyote Hunting Tactics

Coyotes are known to be one of the world’s most adaptable animals. For this reason, they’re unpredictable. They survive by being resilient, which can make them tough to hunt.  You can’t pattern coyotes the way you might pattern whitetail, but the team at Shadow Hunter is here to help. Here are a few tactics to use and mistakes to avoid while hunting coyotes.

The Spot:

Pushing in too far on coyotes. Coyotes will typically lay up in areas with range visibility, so it’s best to try to stay as concealed as possible. If you can help it, start by going in a little at a time and don’t leave a spot too soon. The key is to minimize your movement. Start in an open area where you can call into cover with the wind on your face. This leads us to our next point.

Wind Direction:

Setting yourself up in the wrong position on a bad wind could be detrimental to your hunt. If the wind isn’t ideal for your planned setup, don’t risk educating them.  Like a mature whitetail deer or bear, coyotes will make every attempt to approach from downwind. In some instances, they may aggressively charge the call.  Increase your odds of success by keeping the wind to your face or crossing in front of your set up. Hunting a crosswind can be beneficial, but regardless, it’s always best to place the electronic caller upwind to help prevent coyotes from smelling you before they ever enter your shooting range or lanes.


You don’t need an electronic caller. Hand calls can be just as effective. When it comes to calling, don’t constantly switch from sound to sound. This doesn’t represent realistic scenarios for coyotes in the outdoors. The same sounds can work all year long, so don’t be afraid to use the same sounds as time goes on. However, you also don’t want to use the same rabbit distress call the coyotes have heard time and time again. On different setups, rotate between rodent calls, bird distress calls, or even a turkey call, just remember to always avoid over calling.

If you overcall without giving things time to settle down, coyotes become wary, educated, and less likely to come to check things out. Regarding the volume of a call, start softly, and gradually increase the volume level. If a coyote is in the vicinity and hears the call blaring, it won’t seem natural. Start at a lower volume for about 3-5 minutes and slowly work your way up.


You don’t need a coyote specific rifle to kill coyotes, and you certainly don’t need a long-range rifle with a high-powered scope. Any deer rifle or shotgun with buckshot will work. The key is to know your gun. Confidence with shot placement and handling the firearm are important, especially if target action is fast or multiple opportunities present themselves.  This may seem like an obvious tactic, but it will increase your advantage for success. Know and plan ahead about the range when you choose your hunting spot and what your firearm is capable of at the different ranges available.

When you do acquire a target, don’t force the shot. If a coyote is coming into your call and you bark or make a noise, they are likely to stop. Although they may only be still for a short period, this will present you with the best opportunity on a non-moving target – so be ready!

These tactics can be utilized, no matter your geographic area or local terrain.  Coyotes are unpredictable, resilient, and adaptable, making them difficult to pattern and hunt. As a predator hunter, you also should become adaptable. By following these tactics, you can increase your odds of tagging one or more coyotes this year.